China Violates Hong Kong Agreement

First, given that the Sino-British joint declaration is based exclusively on Chinese cooperation and that there are no other monitoring mechanisms, even if an international tribunal finds that the agreement has been violated, It is unlikely that China will admit. Britain has little other means than to demand reparations; In response, China would “strongly condemn” in a predictable manner and reject such requests. However, this scenario would significantly erode China`s international image and justify other countries re-evaluating their own agreements with China. One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whale fishing, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also agreed to a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Under these agreements, agreements were reached for the continued implementation of some 200 international conventions to HKSAR after 30 June 1997. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. The United Kingdom considers that Beijing`s approach is contrary to Hong Kong`s autonomy and is in direct contradiction with the territory`s fundamental law, its mini-Constitution. The law also threatens the freedoms and rights protected by the joint declaration. But the UK says the deal – known as a joint declaration – is under threat because the region has passed a new law that gives China new extended controls over Hong Kong residents.

The signing of the joint declaration caused some controversy in the United Kingdom, as British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher accepted the Chinese Communist government, represented by Deng Xiaoping. [9] In the White Paper containing the Joint Statement, Her Majesty`s Government stated that “the alternative to the adoption of this agreement is not to reach an agreement”, a statement that refuted criticism that the Declaration had made too many concessions to China and highlighted China`s considerable influence during the negotiations. [9] LONDON – Britain`s foreign minister said Wednesday that Hong Kong`s new national security law was a “clear and serious violation” of the Joint Sino-British Declaration, which paved the way for the former British colony to be restored to Chinese rule 23 years ago. But before Hong Kong returned, Britain and China reached an agreement to introduce “one country, two systems.” Many might wonder how China could do this if the city were to guarantee freedoms under the transfer agreement. The Joint Declaration of the Salts and the British consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policy for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties. Each party has the same status and “the whole forms a formal international agreement, legally binding in all its elements. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states. [10] As part of these declarations, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is under the control of the central government of the People`s Republic of China and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defence.

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