The Anschluss And The Munich Agreement Contributed To

In March 1938 Germany had annexed Austria with the connection. The Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia, with its important German people led by Nazi politician Konrad Henlein, was widely expected to be Hitler`s next claim. Hitler was making more and more incendiary speeches calling for the reunification of the German minority in Czechoslovakia with his homeland, a war seemed increasingly likely. Many believed that war was inevitable and that it would be impossible to secure a peace agreement that would satisfy everyone. The slogan “Above us, without us!” (Czech: O n`s bez n`s!) sums up the feelings of the Czechoslovakian population (Slovakia and the Czech Republic) towards the agreement. [Citation required] On its way to Germany, Czechoslovakia (as the state was renamed) lost its reasonable border with Germany and its fortifications. Without it, its independence became more nominal than more real. The agreement also caused Czechoslovakia to lose 70% of its steel industry, 70% of its electricity and 3.5 million citizens to Germany. [61] The Sudeten Germans celebrated what they saw as their liberation. The impending war, it seemed, had been averted. Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister, met Hitler during his retirement in Berchtesgaden on 15 and 16 September; he reached a provisional agreement with Hitler, who agreed not to take military measures without further discussion, while Chamberlain promised to convince his cabinet and the French to accept the results of a referendum in the Sudetenland.

French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and his Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet met with British diplomats in London and made a joint statement that all regions with more than 50% Of Sudeten germans should be transferred to Germany. The Czechoslovakian government, which was not consulted, initially rejected the proposal, but was reluctantly forced to accept it on 21 September. But this was not enough for Hitler; When Chamberlain met Hitler in Godesberg on 22 September, he learned that Hitler would now evacuate the Sudetenland occupied by the German army and the Czechoslovakians from the region by 28 September. Chamberlain agreed to submit the new proposal to the Czechoslovaks, who rejected it, as did the British cabinet and the French. On 24 September, the French ordered a partial mobilization: the day before, the Czechoslovaks had ordered a general mobilization. It was the first French mobilization since the First World War. In a last attempt to avoid war, Chamberlain proposed to immediately convene a four-power conference to settle the dispute. Despite his desire for war, Hitler agreed, and on 29 September, Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier and Mussolini met in Munich. Later, at the meeting, a deception was agreed in advance to influence and pressure Chamberlain: one of Hitler`s accomplices entered the room to inform Hitler of other Germans killed in Czechoslovakia, and Hitler then shouted: “I will avenge each of them. The Czechs must be destroyed. [32] The meeting ended with Hitler`s refusal to make concessions to the demands of the Allies. [32] Later that evening, Hitler was concerned that he had gone too far to put pressure on Chamberlain, and he called Chamberlain`s hotel suite to say that he would only accept the annexation of Sudetenland without plans in other areas, provided that Czechoslovakia began evacuating ethnic Chechens from the majority regions of Germany by 8 p.m.

on September 26.

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